Sunday, May 24, 2020
This paper is focused on the causes of their food insecurity and poverty such as climate volatility and also ways to fix or help the situation that Madagascar citizens go through day to day. It is well known that many african countries are under food insecurity and poverty. What is food insecurity? Ã¢â¬Å"Food Insecurity-The state of being without reliable access to a sufficient quantity of affordable, nutritious food.Ã¢â¬ (Google Definition) Each year more and more people die because they canÃ¢â¬â¢t afford ,or find ways to obtain enough food to provide them with essential nutrients and provide the energy they need to do everyday things.Found off of the Eastern coast of the African Continent, Madagascar is a very well known large island that hasÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦El NinoÃ¢â¬â¢s name had been chosen based on the time of year (December / January) which these warm waters events came up and take place year after year. Normal El NiÃ ±o effects are common to occur ove r Madagascar during the upcoming winter season. These include hotter than normal temperatures over Eastern and central Africa and over the western and northern areas of Asia.Because of El Nino and other climate changes their main crop the vanilla bean and other crops faced many years of drought and famine. Causing the their agricultural economy to collapse. Another Tropical storm that ravaged the area is Tropical Cyclone Haruna which occurred in February of the year of 2013 this cyclone was reckless in its pass through the country of madagascar and destroyed the lives and livelihoods of thousands upon thousands of people in the area of its pass. Extreme rains and very strong winds brought down houses, destroyed their crops, and flooded areas that were located near or around bodies of water. These natural disasters created already weak populations to be even more vulnerable to waterborne illnesses, food insecurity, and prominent malnutrition. The extremely poor income of many households is one of the many reasons why the health and the well being of so many children is so often extremely bad because without money families are not able to make it or pay for the expensive medical bills. Ã¢â¬Å"Ninety Two percent, or roughly 20,240,000,Show MoreRelatedThe United States : A City Of Great Wealth And The Great Poverty894 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesBackground Within the United States, in 2014 we had 1 out of 7 children born into poverty (C., 2016). That is an outstanding amount of children starting life out with a disadvantage. Statistics show that the U.S. has higher poverty rates than other developed countries (O., 2014). When a child is born into poverty, they are faced with many challenges that people are not very cognizant of. Children living in poverty usually have trouble accessing proper healthcare, education, and nutrition. These simpleRead MoreClinical Reflection : Health Equity And Poverty1100 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesEquity and Poverty 1. In order to prepare for this activity there was different types of preparation. First, I read chapter 10, 11 and 13 in the textbook. (Citation.) Next I explored multiple websites. I reviewed the Minnesota Compass (2016) to look at stats and trends for poverty. Next, I read the Minnesota Without Poverty (2016) website to learn about how Minnesota plans on reducing and ending poverty. Following that I reviewed websites that looked at poverty in the United States. Poverty USA (2016a)Read MoreCauses And Solutions Of Food Insecurity1149 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesINTRODUCTION This report will explore the impacts, causes and solutions of food insecurity and other contextual factors relating to ChadÃ¢â¬â¢s economic and financial crisis. STATEMENT OF FINDINGS Food security exists when everyone in the population has access to enough nutritious food to live an active and health life. In Chad there is no food security, because not everyone has enough food to eat. In fact, according to World Food Program 25-34.9% of Chad is undernourished. Chad is AfricaÃ¢â¬â¢s 5th largestRead MoreCauses And Solutions Of Food Insecurity1235 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesINTRODUCTION This report will explore the impacts, causes and solutions of food insecurity and other contextual factors relating to ChadÃ¢â¬â¢s economic and financial crisis. STATEMENT OF FINDINGS Food security exists when everyone in the population has access to enough nutritious food to live an active and health life. In Chad there is no food security, because not everyone has enough food to eat. In fact, according to World Food Program 25-34.9% of Chad is undernourished. Chad is AfricaÃ¢â¬â¢s 5th largestRead MorePoverty And Its Effects On Children859 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesPoverty is existing worldwide epidemic and it is affecting millions of adults and children mentally, physically and emotionally .Poverty is the inability to purchase or have access to the basic human needs. This includes food, shelter, education, clean water and proper sanitation .It depends not only on income but also on access to services. In 1998 a UN Statement on poverty, signed by the heads of all UN agencies stated: defines poverty as Ã¢â¬Å"the denial of choices and opportunities, violation of humanRead MoreGerontology Agencies within Georgia1612 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesSection I. Food Insecurity Aging Society: The United States is experiencing social issues related to food insecurity and hunger. Current research states that older adults are especially vulnerable to food insecurity. In a study published in the Journal of Urban Health states, Ã¢â¬Å"Among the 14.6% of American households experiencing food insecurity, approximately 2 million are occupied by older adultsÃ¢â¬ (Chung, Gallo, Giunta, Canavan, Parikh, Fahs, 2011, p. 1). Since the year 2011 the Athens CommunityRead MoreFood Insecurity in Aging Society1627 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesSection I. Food Insecurity Aging Society: The United States is experiencing social issues related to food insecurity and hunger. Current research states that older adults are especially vulnerable to food insecurity. In a study published in the Journal of Urban Health states, Ã¢â¬Å"Among the 14.6% of American households experiencing food insecurity, approximately 2 million are occupied by older adultsÃ¢â¬ (Chung, Gallo, Giunta, Canavan, Parikh, Fahs, 2011, p. 1). Since the year 2011 the Athens CommunityRead MoreEssay on Poverty in America: Hungry Children1601 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesafford to buy food for their families; many are homeless. Ã¢â¬Å"While hunger affects people of all ages, its particularly devastating for children even short-term episodes of hunger can cause lasting damage (Ã¢â¬Å"Child Nutrition Programs). Child hunger in the United States is caused by poverty, unemployment, food insecurity, and food shortage; however there are many solutions to this problem like FRAC strategies, food banks, summer feeding programs, and backpack feeding programs. Poverty is one ofRead MoreFelix Miyago. Ms. Mylan, Mr. Stewart. English 3Rd, History1599 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesStewart English 3rd, History 1st 12 May 2017 Food Insecurity: A food crisis to the people Ã¢â¬Å"Food insecurity isnÃ¢â¬â¢t a measure of hunger; it is based on the measure of a personÃ¢â¬â¢s financial circumstances and their perception of how much food they can afford to buy.Ã¢â¬ It is estimated that 31 million people in the United States have experienced either food insecurity or actual hunger (George, 1). Roughly a third of food insecure households have Ã Ã¢â¬Å"very low food security.Ã¢â¬ And the number of people going hungryRead MoreGender Inequality And The Workplace1630 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesFolbre, 2003). Gender inequities and the economic experiences of women and men continue to be present in the life course as individuals enter senior age (Sullivan Meschede, 2016). Senior women are more likely to live in poverty than men, with unmarried senior women having higher poverty rates than those who are married (Munnell, 2004; Butrica, Smith, Iams, 2012). The lower economic well-being of senior women compared to senior men can be explained by womenÃ¢â¬â¢s lower accumulation of lifetime earnings
Wednesday, May 13, 2020
Food of China The people of China regard eating as an art. Fragrant, Colorful, and Delicious are some of the characteristics of China s diverse cuisines. China s cuisines are consist of eight different types of schooling, known as the ninth art. These include from Szechuan, Jiangxu, Hunan, Fujian, Beijing, Guangdong, Zhejiang, and Anhui. Chinese cuisines has a extensive history and are known for its delicious flavor and pleasant color. The typical Cuisine entrÃ ©e is made up of three to five colors, made up for the main ingredient, with added secondary ingredients of contrasting color and consistency. The flavors of a cuisine must never be overwhelming but subtle. The goal for all Chinese chefs is toÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Common menu item are Chinese cabbage, boiled chicken, and braised eel casserole. Anhui cuisines are mostly cooked in oils and sauces. The chefs pay close attention to the temperature in cooking the dishes. The dishes will often have ham and sugar added to improve its taste and to add freshness. Some of the Anhui cuisines are deep-fried meatball, Stewed Snapper, and stir-fried eel slices. Table Manners in China When visiting China one should know and understand the rules of dining and table etiquette. In China, people tend to eat with each other. The host of meal will usually serve the dishes and provide chopsticks for the guest. One should never bring their own chopsticks it is deemed disrespectful to the host. When using chopsticks never tap or drum them on a dish this to is also considered to be disrespectful to the host or the chef. Also, one should never leave the chopsticks upright in their bowl for it to is considered to be disrespectful to the host. When dining, crossing chopstick is only permissible in a dim sum restaurant or when notifying a waiter that your table is finished eating. When eating fish never turn it over and debone it, this is usually done by the host of the meal. Some believe if someone debone s his or her own fish that they will receive bad luck and a fishing boat will capsize. When drinking tea it is disrespectful to have the spout of the teapot facingShow MoreRelatedA Discussion on Food Additives in China672 Words Ã |Ã 3 PagesFood additives in China While it currently seems perfectly normal to consume products that contain diverse additives, some products contain substances that are especially harmful and that are illegal in most areas. While conditions are somewhat stable in developed countries, things are critical in more vulnerable territories as the authorities have little to no resources to fight the current. Countries like China have experienced a serious war against food additives during recent years, but theRead MoreThe Food Culture Of China And The United States1444 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesboundaries, and religion of China and the United States are not similar. Looking at the food culture between the two countries is very different. When a person speaks about the Chinese food culture, they need to praise the taste, color, shape of the Chinese dish, and smell. In china, most of the people take wheat and rice as their daily main food. They believe that fruit, wheat, vegetable, and rice are the best food to boost the health of a person. Consequently, meat is not a major food for them since theyRead More Chinese Cuisine - The Food of China Essay481 Words Ã |Ã 2 PagesChinese Cuisine - The Food of China Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã ChinaÃ¢â¬â¢s food is very unique and traditional. Grains are the main food in China. Rice is the favorite grain among the people in the South. In the north, people prefer wheat, which they make in to bread and noodles. Corn millet, and sorghum are also eaten. Vegetables, especially cabbage and Tofu rank second in Chinese diet. Roasted sweet potatoes are a popular snack eaten by the Chinese. Pork and poultry are the favorite meats in China. The people also likeRead MoreExport Pl China For Hubbard Foods Ltd Essay5109 Words Ã |Ã 21 Pages351.725- International marketing Export plan to china for Hubbard foods Ltd. Pratikkumar Patel 140004717 Executive Summary The executive summary includes the segment and process of marketing to be included in the marketing plan of business to introduce new product launch in the market. There are various segments of market emphasized in the study focusing upon the operational activities of the company. The first perceptionRead MoreGlobal Expansion: Introducing a Fast Food Chain in China961 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesPlan The product life cycle of fast food includes dividing the marketing of a product in four stages known as introduction, growth, maturity and decline. The life cycle used for doing business in one home country needs to revised in order to do business globally (Drummond et al., 2003) .Therefore the product life cycle plan of fast food chain needs to be altered in order to expand business in China. Introduction: In order to introduce the fast food chain in China, research and development needs toRead MoreOriental Restaurant : China And Vietnamese Food For Both Meat And Vegetarian Options1295 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesWe have done internal and external environmental analysis for Ã¢â¬Å"Oriental RestaurantÃ¢â¬ which will sales Chinese and Vietnamese food for both meat and vegetarian options. We will take next steps to analyze the business strategies which are the main object for the business has to follow. In order to realize growth of any organization, they need to evaluate alternatives strategies to maintain a competitive edge among its competitors. Organizational leaders and analysts develop business strategies to ensureRead MoreFood Safety Laws Is Vital For Your Health1200 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesFood safety laws are in place to uphold standards that keep food safe for all to eat. This is important for citizens of the country who rely on the country as a source of food, as well as tourists who are visiting a foreign country. Food safety laws and regulations are put in place to hold businesses and food production companies to a higher standard. In both the Unites States and China, clean and safe food is vital for your health. It is in the best interest of the citizens of the country that foodRead MoreHuge Potential Of Catering Industry1726 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesHUGE POTENTIAL OF CATERING INDUSTRY IN CHINA China, have more than 4 million various catering branches. The sales revenue annually is approximately CNY 1 trillion. At present, catering market in China is keeping the growth rate of over 15%. Catering enterprises are continually developing from the state of a single storefront to the model of chain-orientation, scale-orientation and group-orientation. It carries out centralized procurement and decentralized sales, achieving economic benefits of scaleRead MoreHavana s A Fast Chain Giants Essay911 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesMany food fast chain giants such as KFC and McDonaldÃ¢â¬â¢s have been suffering scandal in recent years. They illegally provided unsafe food to customers which results in that they are losing customersÃ¢â¬â¢ trust. It is a great opportunity for Havana to compete with the existing fast food restaurant in China since Havana promises to offer fresh and healthy food. HavanaÃ¢â¬â¢s main domestic competitor Chipotle has plan to expand to European market. However, Chipotle has not considered entering Chinese market yetRead MoreThe Consumption Of Low Quality Food Products1628 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesThe consumption of low quality food products, especially Fast food products, is a controversial issue in China as well as society today. Many people are at odds over whether the processing and advertisings corporations are to blame for food related illness and lack of food safety. Some say it is ultimately the consumerÃ¢â¬â¢s responsibility because they make a free will decision in choosing what to eat, others say the government is to be blamed because it is their responsibility to protect its citizens
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
Show how you respond to AustenÃ¢â¬â¢s presentation of balls and other social events in Emma Free Essays
Ã¢â¬ËIt may be possible to do without dancing entirely. Instances have been known of young people passing many, many months successively without being at any ball of any description, and no material injury accrue either to body or mind: Ã¢â¬â but when a beginning is made Ã¢â¬â when the felicities of rapid motion have once been, though slightly felt Ã¢â¬â it must be a very heavy set that does not ask for more.Ã¢â¬â¢ Using the quotation as a starting point show how you respond to AustenÃ¢â¬â¢s presentation of balls and other social events in Emma. We will write a custom essay sample on Show how you respond to AustenÃ¢â¬â¢s presentation of balls and other social events in Emma or any similar topic only for you Order Now The above quotation put in simple terms connotes socializing to not be essential for survival yet once experienced, addictions can be produced. This is implied within Jane AustenÃ¢â¬â¢s Emma as hinted by social events presentation and their significance. Suggestions of such views display human development by the mistakes made within society to encourage moral growth and wisdom. The central focus upon balls and social pursuits indicates the triviality of the upper classes. AustenÃ¢â¬â¢s satirical tone throughout the novel exemplifies the hierarchy of the eighteenth nineteenth century, while ridiculing their concerns. The author has illustrated a further emphasis by concentrating particularly on EmmaÃ¢â¬â¢s development and need for social awareness as progressed through the various social affairs. The WestonÃ¢â¬â¢s Christmas party acts as an introductory occasion for the readers to establish a hierarchy, as well as EmmaÃ¢â¬â¢s importance within the Highbury society. The Woodhouses are treated to be at the centre of attention as illustrated by the great fuss created for Ã¢â¬Å"poor Mr. WoodhouseÃ¢â¬ due to the falling of snow. By making such characters much pleased with them, they begin to believe they are and feel much more superior. This permits Emma in her match making schemes of ultimately feeling a strong love interest among Mr. Elton and Harriet Smith. EmmaÃ¢â¬â¢s confidence is quilted by the safety of her fathers smothering and her lack of awareness. This meddling leads to devastating consequences, which may be seen through the contrasting behaviour contained in private and public atmospheres. A faÃ ¯Ã ¿Ã ½ade of etiquette is created publicly to portray perfectionism of characters friendly decorum. Mr. Weston kindly criticizes Emma while she politely Ã¢â¬Å"listenedÃ¢â¬ and Ã¢â¬Å"coollyÃ¢â¬ replies. Emma needs to preserve her good manners in a situation like this as not cause any damage to her status. Conversely, when Emma and Mr. Elton are alone in the carriage, returning home, the change in conduct insights readers to the true colours of the character concerned. Previously, Mr. Elton seemed Ã¢â¬Å"so anxious forÃ¢â¬ Emma, demonstrating agitating behaviour, explaining the true exposition of Mr. EltonÃ¢â¬â¢s Ã¢â¬Å"pretence of being in love with herÃ¢â¬ . His obnoxious behaviour screened to Emma and the readers reflects his snobbery, as he believes Ã¢â¬Å"everybody has their levelÃ¢â¬ , as well as degrading his respect. The significance of this event adds to the background of future events and creates a build up. Emma looks forward to a night of being admired at the Coles dinner party but clear differing levels of accomplishment with the Ã¢â¬Å"superiorÃ¢â¬ Jane Fairfax prevent this, as well as distinguishing a sense of competition between the two characters. One major accomplishment, the art of piano playing, may be regarded as a form of battle ground among Emma and Jane. JaneÃ¢â¬â¢s advancement clearly initiates much threat for Emma as her attentions are overtaken. Nevertheless due to social expectations of the formal times, Emma is required to be friendly towards poorer, low class woman such as Miss Fairfax. This allows others to publicly view EmmaÃ¢â¬â¢s character to be of a good image. The use of falseness and pretences supports the idea of conformist public behaviour through superficial mannerisms of always Ã¢â¬Å"smilingÃ¢â¬ . Ironically, the narrative reveals much deeper thoughts of Emma privately whilst creating comedy though the anticipation of her reactions which Ã¢â¬Å"sh e never could attempt to conceal.Ã¢â¬ However her opinion of Jane is not openly expressed but slyly gossiped with Frank who joins in, yet continuously is Ã¢â¬Å"glancing towards Miss Fairfax.Ã¢â¬ The divisions of social classing prevent Frank from freely associating himself with Jane who he is secretly engaged with. This becomes evident alongside the social gatherings, suggesting secrets codes of honour to carry out, by enforcing heavy use of faÃ ¯Ã ¿Ã ½ades in friendships among Emma, Frank and Jane. False pretences are deepened within the society of Highbury as immediately reflected through Emma holding a dinner party for Mrs. Elton, a woman she can not stand. During this gathering much commotion is taken up by party guests, predominantly by Mr. Knightely, about JaneÃ¢â¬â¢s Ã¢â¬Å"venture.Ã¢â¬ Austen can be seen to be ridiculing society as characters take much interest upon a minority issue of visiting the post office. Jane shows a Ã¢â¬Å"little blushÃ¢â¬ of running Ã¢â¬Å"such risksÃ¢â¬ while reserving her manners regardless to the invasion of her privacy. Consequently the time period within the novel compels JaneÃ¢â¬â¢s consistence and Mr. KnightleyÃ¢â¬â¢s courtesy to be purely based upon concern for her health. Adoptions of significance still withstands similar to the previous events, and allow development of future plots such as the suspicion formed upon Miss. FairfaxÃ¢â¬â¢s behaviour. The great Crown Inn Ball had been postponed several times creating much enthusiasm and excitement for the people of Highbury. This is an indication of the emptiness of their lives. Being the first formal social gathering due to Mrs. EltonÃ¢â¬â¢s arrival, social codes would advocate her to have central focus. This angers Emma as Ã¢â¬Å"her taste was not the only taste whichÃ¢â¬ was to be depended upon. Nevertheless Emma masks her true judgement by appearing to appeal to all those around her. Dancing was seen as a metaphor of courtship as Emma encounters this Ã¢â¬Å"flirtation between her and her partnerÃ¢â¬ Frank, others may view them as having a more intimate relationship. Mr. Knightley breaks this code as he Ã¢â¬Å"takes pity onÃ¢â¬ Harriet to dance, after being embarrassed by Mr. Elton. It is suggestive to surrounding party members of a love connection between Harriet and Mr. Knightley. This is highly contradictory as it was not expectant of someone with KnightleyÃ¢â¬â¢s class and status to degrade down to Miss SmithÃ¢â¬â¢s level. On the contrary, readers are at an advantage of having an insight upon the text as they know Mr. KnightleyÃ¢â¬â¢s behaviour is due to his chivalrous good natured attitude which compels him to be considerate of everyone around him. This comedic approach stimulates Austen to simultaneously mock and uphold social codes. The interaction between Knightley and Harriet reveals that broken social codes lead to chaos and confusion, as dis played further in the text by EmmaÃ¢â¬â¢s confusion and Ã¢â¬Å"terrorÃ¢â¬ over Harriet having feelings for Mr. Knightley. The faÃ ¯Ã ¿Ã ½ade of etiquette breaks down vigorously at Box hill, partially as Emma now expresses her thoughts while forgetting her manners. The scene has been set in a very elegant atmosphere Ã¢â¬Å"in favour of a pleasant partyÃ¢â¬ with a Ã¢â¬Å"burst of admiration.Ã¢â¬ All characters engage in a game for amusement and Emma faces a sudden outbreak which she Ã¢â¬Å"could not resistÃ¢â¬ towards Miss Bates. The oversight of her politeness and Ã¢â¬Å"mock ceremony of her mannersÃ¢â¬ prevent immediate meaning being obtained. Only until KnightleyÃ¢â¬â¢s Ã¢â¬Å"remonstranceÃ¢â¬ does Emma realise the impact of her appalling behaviour being in the need of amendment. The idea of Emma acting in such a way in public creates a barrier for her not to be able to undo her actions, whereas if she spoke in private to say Harriet she could have easily justifyed herself. Whether EmmaÃ¢â¬â¢ change was based upon her becoming more self aware or the fact she upset Mr Knightley is open to personal judgement. It could be portrayed that the series of progressively emotional social events lead Emma to realise much more about herself and those around her. By learning from her mistakes she was able to mature and become more purely and truly accepted as a superior of society. Controversially, Emma begins to realise she has feelings for Ã¢â¬Å"my [meaning EmmaÃ¢â¬â¢s] Mr. KnightleyÃ¢â¬ and therefore cannot go about upsetting him as this tarnishes his vision of her. Her change therefore would be due to selfish terms. In regard of all this, Emma does change herself and correct her faults. The destruction of polite faÃ ¯Ã ¿Ã ½ade works as an incentive to compel Emma in re-evaluating her misconduct and to reform. The consecutive chapter illustrates EmmaÃ¢â¬â¢s embracement of self realisation, after the eventful picnic, as Mr. KnightleyÃ¢â¬â¢s disapproval deeply hurts her. Her Ã¢â¬Å"confidence [had] told her soÃ¢â¬ that she Ã¢â¬Å"had often been remiss.Ã¢â¬ After the Box Hill incident, Emma did not want others to consider her Ã¢â¬Å"without a heartÃ¢â¬ and Ã¢â¬Å"so unfeeling towards [her] father.Ã¢â¬ EmmaÃ¢â¬â¢s Ã¢â¬Å"completely misspentÃ¢â¬ morning obliged her to recollect herself and no longer interfere. By directly paying a visit to Miss. Bates, she begins the journey of self correction. This is further illustrated as Emma talks about Jane with genuine feeling and interest in spite of JaneÃ¢â¬â¢s abrupt and extra reserved behaviour. Emma learns, with the help of Mr. KnightleyÃ¢â¬â¢s finger pointing, that she needs to concentrate on her own thoughts and actions rather than those around her. The limited use of action throughout the novel constructs social occasions to be at the focal point of the plot. Consistently, this reflects the artificialities of AustenÃ¢â¬â¢s world which she wanted the reader to pick up upon. By exposing societyÃ¢â¬â¢s hypocrisy, due to the show of gestures, the satire acts a comedic tool for readers. Even though EmmaÃ¢â¬â¢s faults are chiefly stressed upon; the story reveals faults in other characterisations such as Mrs. Elton, Frank and Mr. Woodhouse. I feel the idea of concentrating heavily on, what would be considered by the modern reader, small concerns; Austen specifies the consequences of falling out of traditional practice. The juxtaposition of such problematic proceedings, ending with a minute ounce of happiness for Emma, makes the novel unique and intensifies the effect. Nevertheless the moral message overrides such views to allow the reader to learn from the mistakes of characters and the importance of maintaining a balance. This allows progression of readers to improve themselves and become more self-aware also. Finally, the use of misconception and confusion adds to the ironic use of satire to amuse spectators. How to cite Show how you respond to AustenÃ¢â¬â¢s presentation of balls and other social events in Emma, Papers
Monday, May 4, 2020
Cultural Diversity in Schools Essay Cultural Diversity in Schools Essay EDCI 401 Name Here JANUARY 31,1997 Since early American history, schools, like society, have addressed cultural diversity in different ways. In the colonial days, some attempts to adjust to cultural differences were made in the New York colony, but the dominant American culture was the norm in the general public, as well as most of the schools. As America approached the nineteenth century, the need for a common culture was the basis for the educational forum. Formal public school instruction in cultural diversity was rare, and appreciation or celebration of minority or ethnic culture essentially was nonexistent in most schools. In the 1930s, the educators were in the progressive education movement, called for programs of cultural diversity that encouraged ethnic and minority students to study their heritages. This movement became popular in many schools until around 1950. Now, these days in education, the term multicultural education never escapes a teachers thoughts (Ryan, 26). What does the term multicultural education mean to you? I means different things to different people. For instance, to some minority communities, it means to foster pride and self-esteem among minority students, like the progressive movement in the 1930s. Another example would be in the white communitites, that multicultural programs are designed to cultivate an appreciation of various cultural, racial, and ethnic traditions. Cortes defines multicultural education by the process by which schools help prepare young people to live with greater understanding, cooperation, effectiveness, and dedication to equality in a multicultural nation and inerdependent world (Cortes, 16). When I observed at Madison Elementary in December, I expected the school would be multicultural in the sense of ethnic or racial backgrounds. Instead, I was very surprised to discover that the school was predominately white students, with only a handful of African American students in each classroom. I did find out that the Wheeling Island area was in very low status pertaining to income. Not only did over half of the students receive free or reduced lunch, but the students academic skills were below the national norm. I never realized what an effect of economic status can affect a students academic progress. Of course there are out lying factors, the parent involvement was at a minimum because most families consisted of only one care taker. To make ends meet the single parent had to spend most of his/her time working for money to buy clothes, food, and to keep their children healthy. Madison Elementary had made great strides to improve their efforts to better the students academic progress. The school had instilled different programs like A-Team, Pre-K classes, Reading Recovery, various health services, outreach to families, and many more to ensure that the students will succeed in their studies. The role of the teacher at Madison is to assist and guide the students through school with smooth transitions. This at times is impossible due to fact that some students in their classrooms have behavior disorders, not all of the students are on the same learning levels, and the teacher can only help the students at school, not at home. Sometimes the parents do not fulfill their responsibilities at home. The teacher must adjust to the students needs. When dealing with multicultural issues in he classroom, teachers must guard against perpetuating racial and ethnic stereotypes, which is often done subconsciously and indirectly by failing to use linguistic qualifiers such as some, many, and most when referring to cultural groups. There is much diversity within culture (Ryan, 27). Teachers must also keep in mind that the process of social development entails the successful interplay between an integrating function and differentiating function. It is critical that multicultural education programs foster both. The challenge is simple but significant: Can we create places of learning where students are no longer strangers to themselves or to one another? The answer is clear: We must (Tamura, 24-25). Some of the most important presidential elections Essay Students need to understand that they are participating in many different networks. They are involved in social networks, not just ethnic or racial ones; however, their cultural background and experiences may indeed have an impact upon the nature of their participation in these other networks. Students also need to understand they are also individuals with talents, skills, strengths, weaknesses, likes and dislikes (Ryan, 27). A goal for all students, American born or not, is to develop cross-cultural acceptance, to have them develop strategies to work through their own prejudices and to sustain their own dignity when they become the targets of prejudice. We as teachers must work very hard to teach children to sustain and protect our democratic way of life and .
Saturday, March 28, 2020
Steven Spielberg is one of the most unique and genius film directors and screenwriters all over the world. His works usually arouse so much admiration and respect, and numerous awards and publicÃ¢â¬â¢s recognition may serve as one of the best proofs of his professionalism. Advertising We will write a custom essay sample on Saving Private Ryan: specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Saving Private Ryan is his fascinating work about the events during World War II, about courage, friendship, and respect, about love and devotion, devotion to own duties, faith, and people. A war is the time, when people stop appreciating money, fashion, and proper food. It is the time, when only someoneÃ¢â¬â¢s life and death turn out to be important. This is what Spielberg wants to present in his movie, this is what should be taken into consideration and analyzed. Saving Private Ryan is a brilliant movie about the war and people in it; a true story of l ife, created by Steven Spielberg; a piece of art that awakes the kindest feelings and emotions. Saving Private Ryan opens with an emotionally-colored scene, when one old veteran visits the cemetery in order give honors all soldiers, who gave their lives for freedom, peace, and other peopleÃ¢â¬â¢s lives. This veteran falls into his knees and start crying: these emotions and these tears demonstrate how dear all those people for him are, how significant their actions were, how proud he is now. Now, it is high tome to see what has happened to this old man and whose all those graves are. It is 6 June 1944. It is a beginning of the story, when a squad of solders under the command of Capt. John H. Miller (Tom Hanks) fights for their future and for the future of their families. It is the war: so much blood, so many tears, and so many deaths. People know that this war takes lots of lives, however, each loss is something personal and something terrible. Saving Private Ryan is the story of how John Miller gets an order to save young Ryan, the only alive son of a mother. The team of John Miller has to overcome numerous battles in order to find out this one young man and get him back to his mother. Each meeting with the enemies takes the life of one of MillerÃ¢â¬â¢s soldiers. These people die to save another person, whom they never know and never meet. It is too hard to lose people in the only one name Ã¢â¬â Private Ryan. Miller hates this boy, but has nothing to do Ã¢â¬â his aim is to save him and allow his mother see her son once again. When Miller finally finds Ryan, this young man does not want to leave his squad: Ã¢â¬Å"These guys deserve to go home as much as I do. Advertising Looking for essay on art and design? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More TheyÃ¢â¬â¢ve fought just as hardÃ¢â¬ (Saving Private Ryan). The end of the movie is tragic indeed: the team, who is sent to save Pr. Ryan, is killed. Ca pt. John Miller dies, but completes his task Ã¢â¬â he saves Ryan, a person, who will come to MillerÃ¢â¬â¢s grave in order to introduce his family and salute his friends, who saved him one day. War times always cause tears, grief, and pity. People fight in order to be free, to be heard, and to be understood. Of course, these people achieve their purposes, the wars are won, and the freedom is got. However, the lives of people, both young and old, cannot be returned. This is the most terrible thing about any war. Steven Spielberg makes a wonderful attempt to represent several war issues and explain what people feel during the war. Soldiers face numerous battles day by day: some of them die, some of them get injuries, and some of them feel that they are not too brave to be soldiers and fight for someoneÃ¢â¬â¢s lives and future. With the help of this movie, people get a chance to comprehend that even all those terrible times of war did not deprive soldiers from the abilities to be brave, honest, and humane. There are so many duties, people should complete during the war in order to create a proper system and win. If one person makes something wrong, it is quite possible to fail and lose everything, and even put under a terrible threat the others. Spielberg does not afraid to focus on pain: war will never be kind, and people should know it in order not to provoke it once again. Suffering, pain, and loss Ã¢â¬â this is all about war. It is too hard for an ordinary person to accept such cruel reality and not to lose own personality. This is why we should try to do everything possible to live in peace and think about safe future. Saving Private Ryan is a perfect work by Steven Spielberg that tells about best human qualities, peopleÃ¢â¬â¢s responsibility, friendship, and care. John Miller is one of the brightest examples of great leaders and just a good person, who knows how to improve this life and help other people achieve safe future. This story touches many people; it learns how to be worthy of this world and appreciate every minute of this life. Works Cited Saving Private Ryan. Dir. Steven Spielberg. Perf. Tom Hanks, Matt Damon, Tom Sizemore, and Edward Burns. DreamWorks. Paramount Pictures, 1998.Advertising We will write a custom essay sample on Saving Private Ryan: specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More This essay on Saving Private Ryan: was written and submitted by user Eden Albert to help you with your own studies. You are free to use it for research and reference purposes in order to write your own paper; however, you must cite it accordingly. You can donate your paper here.
Saturday, March 7, 2020
USS Pennsylvania (BB-38) in World War II Commissioned in 1916, USS Pennsylvania (BB-38) proved to be a workhorse for the US Navys surface fleet for over thirty years.Ã Taking part in World War I (1917-1918), the battleship later survived the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor and saw extensive service across the Pacific during World War II (1941-1945).Ã With the end of the war, Pennsylvania provided a final service as a target ship during the 1946 Operation Crossroads atomic testing. A New Design Approach After designing and constructing five classes of dreadnought battleships, the US Navy concluded that future ships should make use of a set of standardized tactical and operational traits. This would allow these vessels to operate together in combat and would simplify logistics. Designated the Standard-type, the next five classes were propelled byÃ oil-fired boilers rather than coal, saw the removal of amidships turrets, and utilized an Ã¢â¬Å"all or nothingÃ¢â¬ armor scheme.Ã Among these alterations, the transition to oil was made with the goal of increasing the vesselÃ¢â¬â¢s range as the US Navy believed this would be critical in any future naval war with Japan. The new all or nothing armor arrangement called for critical areas of the vessel, such as magazines and engineering, to be heavily armored while less important spaces were left unprotected. Also, Standard-type battleships were to be capable of aÃ minimum top speed of 21 knots and have a tactical turn radius of 700 yards.Ã Construction Incorporating these design characteristics, USS Pennsylvania (BB-28) was laid down at the Newport News Shipbuilding and Drydock Company on October 27, 1913. The lead ship of its class, its design came about following the US Navys General Board ordering a new class of battleships in 1913 which mounted twelve 14 guns, twenty-two 5 guns, and an armor scheme similar to the earlier Nevada-class. The Pennsylvania-class main guns were to be mounted in four triple turrets while propulsion was to be provided by steam driven geared turbines turning four propellers. Increasingly concerned about improvements in torpedo technology, the US Navy directed that the new ships utilize a four layer system of armor. This employed multiple layers of thin plate, separated by air or oil, outboard of the main armor belt. The goal of this system was to dissipate the explosive force of a torpedo before it reached the ships primary armor. World War I Launched on March 16, 1915 with Miss Elizabeth Kolb as its sponsor, Pennsylvania was commissioned the follow year on June 16. Joining the US Atlantic Fleet, with Captain Henry B. Wilson in command, the new battleship became the commands flagship that October when Admiral Henry T. Mayo transferred his flag on board. Operating off the East Coast and in the Caribbean for the remainder of the year, Pennsylvania returned to Yorktown, VA in April 1917 just as the United States entered World War I. As the US Navy began deploying forces to Britain, Pennsylvania remained in American waters as it used fuel oil rather than coal like many of the Royal Navys vessels. Since tankers could not be spared to transport fuel abroad, Pennsylvania and the US Navys other oil-fired battleships conducted operations off the East Coast for the duration of the conflict. In December 1918, with the war ended, Pennsylvania escorted President Woodrow Wilson, aboard SS George Washington, to France for the Paris Peace Conference. USS Pennsylvania (BB-38) Overview Nation: United StatesType: BattleshipShipyard: Newport News Shipbuilding Drydock CompanyLaid Down: October 27, 1913Launched: March 16, 1915Commissioned: June 12, 1916Fate: Scuttled February 10, 1948 Specifications (1941) Displacement: 31,400 tonsLength: 608 ft.Beam: 97.1 ft.Draft: 28.9 ft.Propulsion: 4 propellers driven by 1 Ãâ" Bureau Express and 5 Ãâ" White-Forster boilersSpeed: 21 knotsRange: 10,688 miles at 15 knotsComplement: 1,358 men Armament Guns 12 Ãâ" 14 in. (360 mm)/45 cal guns (4 triple turrets)14 Ãâ" 5 in./51 cal. guns12 Ãâ" 5 in./25 cal. anti-aircraft guns Aircraft 2 x aircraft Interwar Years The remaining flagship of the US Atlantic Fleet, Pennsylvania operating in home waters in early 1919 and that July met the returning George Washington and escorted it into New York. The next two years saw the battleship conduct routine peacetime training until receiving orders to join the US Pacific Fleet in August 1922. For the next seven years, Pennsylvania operated on the West Coast and participated in training around Hawaii and the Panama Canal. The routine of this period was punctuated in 1925 when the battleship conducted a goodwill tour to New Zealand and Australia. In early 1929, after training exercises off Panama and Cuba, Pennsylvania sailed north and entered the Philadelphia Navy Yard for an extensive modernization program. Remaining at Philadelphia for almost two years, the ships secondary armament was modified and its cage masts replaced by new tripod masts. After conducting refresher training off Cuba in May 1931, Ã¢â¬â¹Pennsylvania returned to the Pacific Fleet. In the Pacific For the next decade, Pennsylvania remained a stalwart of the Pacific Fleet and took part in annual exercises and routine training. Overhauled at Puget Sound Naval Shipyard in late 1940, it sailed for Pearl Harbor on January 7, 1941. Later that year, Pennsylvania was one of fourteen ships to receive the new CXAM-1 radar system. In the fall of 1941, the battleship was dry docked at Pearl Harbor. Though scheduled to leave on December 6, Pennsylvanias departure was delayed. As a result, the battleship remained in dry dock when the Japanese attacked the next day. One of the first ships to respond with anti-aircraft fire, Pennsylvania took minor damage during the attack despite repeated Japanese attempts to destroy the dry docks caisson. Positioned forward of the battleship in the drydock, the destroyers USS Cassin and USS Downes were both severely damaged. World War II Begins In the wake of the attack, Pennsylvania departed Pearl Harbor on December 20 and sailed for San Francisco. Arriving, it underwent repairs before joining a squadron led by Vice Admiral William S. Pye which operated off the West Coast to prevent a Japanese strike. Following the victories at Coral Sea and Midway, this force was disbanded and Pennsylvania briefly returned to Hawaiian waters. In October, with the situation in the Pacific stabilized, the battleship received orders to sail for Mare Island Naval Shipyard and a major overhaul. While at Mare Island, Pennsylvanias tripod masts were removed and its anti-aircraft armament enhanced with the installation of ten Bofors 40 mm quad mounts and fifty-one Oerlikon 20 mm single mounts. In addition, the existing 5 guns were replaced with new rapid fire 5 guns in eight twin mounts. Work on Pennsylvania was completed in February 1943 and following refresher training, the ship departed for service in the Aleutian Campaign in late April. In the Aleutians Reaching Cold Bay, AK on April 30, Pennsylvania joined Allied forces for the liberation of Attu. Bombarding enemy shore positions on May 11-12, the battleship supported Allied forces as they went ashore. Later on May 12, Pennsylvania evaded a torpedo attack and its escorting destroyers succeeded in sinking the perpetrator, the submarine I-31, the next day. Aiding in operations around the island for the remainder of the month, Pennsylvania then retired to Adak. Sailing in August, the battleship served as Rear Admiral Francis Rockwells flagship during the campaign against Kiska. With the successful re-capture of the island, the battleship became flagship of Rear Admiral Richmond K. Turner, Commander Fifth Amphibious Force, that fall. Sailing in November, Turner re-captured Makin Atoll later that month. Island Hopping On January 31, 1944, Pennsylvania took part in the bombardment prior to the invasion of Kwajalein. Remaining on station, the battleship continued to provide fire support once the landings began the next day. In February, Pennsylvania fulfilled a similar role during the invasion of Eniwetok. After conducting training exercises and a voyage to Australia, the battleship joined Allied forces for the Marianas Campaign in June. On June 14, Pennsylvanias guns pounded enemy positions on Saipan in preparation for landings the next day. Remaining in the area, the vessel struck targets on Tinian and Guam as well as provided direct fire support to troops ashore on Saipan. The following month, Pennsylvania aided in the liberation of Guam. With the end of operations in the Marianas, it joined the Palau Bombardment and Fire Support Group for the invasion of Peleliu in September. Remaining off the beach, Pennsylvanias main battery pummeled Japanese positions and greatly aided Allied forces ashore. Surigao Strait Following repairs in the Admiralty Islands in early October, Pennsylvania sailed as part of Rear Admiral Jesse B. Oldendorfs Bombardment and Fire Support Group which in turn was part of Vice Admiral Thomas C. Kinkaids Central Philippine Attack Force. Moving against Leyte, Pennsylvania reached its fire support station on October 18 and began covering General Douglas MacArthurs troops as they went ashore two days later. With the Battle of Leyte Gulf underway, Oldendorfs battleships moved south on October 24 and blocked the mouth of the Surigao Strait. Attacked by Japanese forces that night, his vessels sank the battleships Yamashiro and Fuso. In the course of the fighting, Pennsylvanias guns remained quiet as its older fire control radar could not distinguish the enemy vessels in the confined waters of the strait. Retiring to the Admiralty Islands in November, Pennsylvania returned to action in January 1945 as part of Oldendorfs Lingayen Bombardment and Fire Support Group. Philippines Driving off air attacks on January 4-5, 1945, Oldendorfs ships began striking targets around the mouth of Lingayen Gulf, Luzon the next day. Entering the gulf on the afternoon of January 6, Pennsylvania commenced reducing Japanese defenses in the area. As in the past, it continued to offer direct fire support once Allied troops began landing on January 9. Commencing a patrol of the South China Sea a day later, Pennsylvania returned after a week and remained in the gulf until February. Withdrawn on February 22, it steamed for San Francisco and an overhaul. While at the Hunters Point Shipyard, Pennsylvanias main guns received new barrels, the anti-aircraft defenses were enhanced, and new fire control radar was installed. Departing on July 12, the ship sailed for newly captured Okinawa with stops at Pearl Harbor and to bombard Wake Island. Okinawa Reaching Okinawa in early August, Pennsylvania anchored in Buckner Bay near USS Tennessee (BB-43). On August 12, a Japanese torpedo plane penetrated the Allied defenses and stuck the battleship in the stern. The torpedo strike opened a thirty-foot hole in Pennsylvania and badly damaged its propellers. Towed to Guam, the battleship was dry docked and received temporary repairs. Leaving in October, it transited the Pacific en route to Puget Sound. While at sea, the Number 3 propeller shaft broke necessitating divers to cut it and the propeller away. As a result, Pennsylvania limped into Puget Sound on October 24 with only one operable propeller. Final Days As World War II had ended, the US Navy did not intend to retain Pennsylvania. As a result, the battleship received only those repairs necessary for transit to the Marshall Islands. Taken to Bikini Atoll, the battleship was used as a target vessel during the Operation Crossroads atomic tests in July 1946. Surviving both blasts, Pennsylvania was towed to Kwajalein Lagoon where it was decommissioned on August 29. The ship remained in the lagoon until early 1948 where it was used for structural and radiological studies. On February 10, 1948, Pennsylvania taken from the lagoon and sunk at sea.
Wednesday, February 19, 2020
Invastigation report - Case Study Example In fact, he had been trained by the company on how to effectively operate a forklift. On the day Tina was involved in the accident: 13th/03/2012, at 2300hrs, Cox was doing his usual duty of pushing the forklift. However, as fate would have it, Tina had to suffer injuries which resulted from the falling of very many objects on her heels. This really caused a lot of pains to her as it made her to dislocate the arm and break her arm. Thus, it became apparent that she could not continue with her duties. However, the response of the companyÃ¢â¬â¢s management was good because she was immediately rushed to the hospital thereafter. Fortunately, while all these incidences were happening, there was an eye witness who got an opportunity to observe whatever happened to Tina. This was Bryan Workman who, was at the time of the accident, was close to Tina and could see everything. Therefore, while conducting the investigations, each of these parties was involved in an interview. They were asked to give accounts of all that they saw during this incident. As an investigator, I had to rely on their narrations in order to enable me make a decision on this matter. From Tina who was of course, the injured party, I learnt that the incident cased a lot of pains to her. However, her conditions could not enable her to say exactly what happened. Meanwhile, Cox shed more light on how the accident occurred at a time when he was busy doing his normal duties. However, he attributed it to the fact that he was rushing to give Tina the items to inspect. The narrations of these people are consistent and convincing. For instance, after interviewing Tina at the hospital, I found out that the company had not done a lot regarding her condition. In fact, even her husband David had not been informed about her ordeal. Besides, the company had not sent any representative to check on her and take a report about her conditions. By acting in this manner, the management of this company